21st century is the century of technology. The more information and communication technology you have, the more powerful you are. The Internet is the primary tool of technology. Moreover, if the Internet exists, there will be many online criminals. These online criminals are black-hat hackers. They create cyber-attacks by using different platforms sensitively. Gradually they are changing their old-fashioned scheme. Mainly they are getting smarter day by day. For this reason, we need to take proper initiative to stay safe. Similarly, CyberSecurity and cyber-attack issue rises significantly in modern days.
What is CyberSecurity?
The measures taken to protect our data and staff from the online platform is called CyberSecurity.
Study Show: Generally, 92% of Malware delivers through email.
On the other hand, surprisingly enough, the average ransomware attack costs a company $ 5 million.
Types of cyber-attacks and their prevention:
There are many types of cyberattacks; some notable brands are:
Malware is the most common and devastating CyberSecurity threat. Malware is a software programmed to spy, steal, and destroy personal data and files. It also domes times damages the device. There are several types of Malware.
- VIRUS: The abbreviation is Vital Information Resources Under Seize. Viruses get into the computer through emails, downloads, and crush the operating system.
- Trojan: Trojans disguises itself as useful software and steals our documents without our knowing.
- Worms: worms use to take down the entire network through network interfaces.
- Spyware: It uses to investigate our personal space and work without our permission
- Adware: Random ads pop-up in our system, which contains malicious software. These are called adware.
There are much renowned anti-malware software available which are offers both paid and free services. Nevertheless, it would be wise to use the paid services and to update your operating system and default security software.
Phishing is a traditional way of cyber threat. Still, it works nowadays. It refers to throwing baits, and the customers accept that bait, resulting in information theft. By making a lucrative offer, they do sometimes-using lottery baits. The hackers prepare an interface, which shows that a specific client has owned a lottery. Then they are requested to give personal information to withdraw the money. Unfortunately, most of the customers fall into the trap. Again, some phishers use social media as a bait. They might send an email saying that their social media account has compromised. By seeing this, the customer needs to login to recover the account. Without examining the email, most people fall into this trap.
Common sense is the most useful tool to prevent phishing. Moreover, one needs to activate two steps verification to protect their online accounts.
3) Password attacks:
Password attack means to get the account access codes to get into the online accounts. Eventually, they steal data or destroy them. There are three types of password attacks.
- Brute force attacks: This means to guess the victims’ password. It was an assumption from his social media accounts.
- Dictionary attacks: Most people use dictionary words as their passwords. Therefore, hackers use some tools that try each dictionary words to get access to the account.
- Critical logger attacks: This is the most ferocious password attack. The hacker records all the keystrokes of the victim by spyware. As a result, the hacker gets the code.
Prevention: There are mainly three practices to prevent password attacks.
- Update the password now and then.
- Use alphanumeric passwords.
- Do not use any dictionary words as a password.
DDoS broadly as Distributed Denial of Services. It is mainly to jam a server by networks. Most of the hackers use several devices to squeeze a server. Stealthily your device can be used to compress a server without even you knowing about it.
To use a secured network is a system that is primary prevention. Besides, big companies are targets. Consequently, they need to hire a skilled IT Specialist for servers’ security.
5) Man in the Middle Attacks:
You can say MITM attacks also—the broker who hacks your data. And, the hacker works as a 3rd party broker without our or even the 2nd party knowing. Also, after the deal, the hacker disappears with your money and data.
To use encrypted wap (wap = Wireless application protocol) is a big deal here. Then we need to check the site whether there is https on the website or not. Finally, one can invest in a good VPN to keep his business private.
6) Drive-by download threats:
There are some sites which, by visiting, automatically start downloading spyware without your permission. This incident is called drive-by download attacks.
Avoid visiting unknown sites, including adult sites. Use common sense to detect the authenticity of the website. Use up-to-date security software.
The full form is Malware advertising. Some advertise pop up in our device resulting in cyber threats. However, we can be safe if we do not click or open the advertisement.
- Use a good and paid version of ad-blocker
- Regularly update your system.
8) Rough Software:
Rough software pretends to be useful anti-malware software. They show bogus threats to your device. It also provokes the victims to pay money and install the raw software. However, new software is Malware itself.
Regularly update the system and only use renowned and will be familiar software.
Get Ready For Attacks on Your Network
To sum up, you have covered the most common cyber-attacks here. It shows that attackers have multiple options to attack. Hackers can compromise and dislocate your whole information systems. Now be proactive for securing your network first. Always maintain an updated antivirus database. Employees of a company must be aware of CyberSecurity. Finally, keep your passwords healthy to protect your company against cyber-attacks.